Grades & Cuts


Wood Floors 101


floor sanding

"The crew was careful, efficient and thorough."

~ E.S. Grant

Wood Flooring Grades


Clear

No Blemishes or knots in the wood with the most uniform color. Avg. length 3.75'.

Select

Small visible knots perhaps with some dark grains, some color variation. Avg. Length 3.25'.

Common

More visible knots with dark grains. Color variation with shorter plank length. Avg. length 2.75'.



Wood Flooring Cuts


The way the wood is cut determines different effects and varied use of the grain.

Plain-sawn

The most common cut giving a varied grain appearance.

Quarter-sawn

A more expensive cut with more uniform grain appearance and ray flecks. This cut affords greater wear and is more resilient to cupping, twisting and shrinking.

Rift-sawn

A more expensive cut than plain sawn, with a uniform grain appearance.

Circle-sawn

New wood that is custom-milled to look like antique lumber pulled from a barn. Planks are twice as long as strip flooring and each has a unique look with saw marks.

Skip-sawn

Only partial saw marks are visible and planks are brushed to enhance texture and de-burr the saw cuts.

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